Like most websites, we use cookies and other similar technologies for a number of reasons, such as keeping our website reliable and secure, personalizing content, providing social media features and to better understand how our site is used. By using our site, you are agreeing to our use of these tools. Please review our Privacy Policy to learn more. 

Skip to Content

For everyone's safety, masks are required for everyone in our facilities. This includes visitors and patients. View visitor policy.

the beat

The Beat:
A Bryan Heart Blog

The Beat is a monthly blog from Bryan Heart cardiologists to keep you informed on trending topics, advancements and news in heart care.

Subscribe to receive The Beat to your inbox monthly.

Bryan Heart

To refer a patient to a Bryan Heart cardiologist or surgeon, call 402-483-3333.

Learn about Bryan Heart

What is causing my chest pain?

Written by John Steuter, MD

Evaluating patients for coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common clinical scenario that providers face on a daily basis. A variety of tests exist that can be utilized to sort through the multitude of such patients from stress tests to heart catheterization. Tests can be categorized into either being functional assessments for significant CAD such as treadmill stress tests, nuclear stress tests or into anatomic, as in heart catheterization or cardiac CT. Each modality has strengths and limitations.

Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement involves determining the ratio between the maximum achievable blood flow in a diseased coronary artery and the theoretical maximum flow in a normal coronary artery.

Normal: FFR of 1.0 is widely accepted as normal.

Concerning: FFR lower than 0.80 is generally considered to be associated with myocardial ischemia and a significant degree of CAD.

FFR was developed and initially only used during heart catheterization.

FFRRecent advances in CT have contributed towards improving coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in determining the severity of coronary artery disease anatomically.  The viability of CCTA has most often been confined to anatomical assessment until the recent development that has enabled evaluation of the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery disease. CCTA-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) is a novel imaging modality that now permits the physiological assessment of coronary artery disease. This enables a provider to get an anatomic and functional evaluation of a patient for CAD.

severe coronary calcification

At Bryan Heart, we are proud to be the only institution in the state to offer CT-FFR.  If you have questions about CAD, CT-FFR or to refer a patient, call 402-483-3333.

steuter john

About John Steuter, MD

John Steuter, MD, is a cardiologist at Bryan Heart. Steuter is a graduate of The University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Medicine and joined Bryan Heart in 2015 after completing his residency and fellowship at The University of Nebraska Medical Center. He is certified with the American Board of Internal Medicine.

View Dr. Steuter’s physician profile


Copyright 2022 Bryan Health. All rights reserved.